Dr. Ruth Kleinpell is currently Assistant Dean for Clinical Scholarship, Independence Foundation Chair in Nursing Education, and Professor at Vanderbilt University School of Nursing and Professor, Rush University College of Nursing. She is certified as an Adult Gerontology Nurse Practitioner and maintains active practice. She is currently a board member and past president of the Society of Critical Care Medicine, the 3rd nurse to serve in this capacity in the 46 year history of the organization. She is also a board member of the Institute of Medicine of Chicago and the American Board of Internal Medicine’s Critical Care Medicine Board. She is a Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing, the American College of Critical Care Medicine, the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, and the Institute of the Medicine of Chicago.